William Pitt Kellogg
Born: December 8, 1831 in Orwell, Vermont
Political Affiliation: Republican
Religious Affiliation: Congregationalist
Education: Norwich Military Institute (Northfield, Vermont)
Career Prior to Term: Territorial Judge and Collector of Customs
How He Became Governor: Elected fraudently--recognized by President Grant in 1873
Career after Term: U.S. Senator and U.S. Representative
Died: August 10, 1918 in Washington, DC
William Pitt Kellogg, a native of Vermont, spent most of his adult career in Illinois until Lincoln appointed him Collector of Customs in New Orleans in 1865.
As the Republican nominee for governor in 1872, Kellogg faced Louisiana native and Democrat John McEnery. McEnery was supported by Acting Governor Henry Clay Warmoth who controlled the State Returning Board, the institution which supposedly regulated returns. Both sides claimed victory; it took an executive order from President Ulysses Grant to seat Kellogg.
Kellogg's term, marred by the refusal of many to recognize him as Governor, was largely a failure because the legislature refused to enact his measures to bring economic stability to the state. Kellogg received armed support from Federal troops after a group of former Confederates tried to overthrow his administration in 1874. The Louisiana House of Representatives voted to impeach Kellogg in 1876, but the Senate did not convict him. Besides the considerable political turmoil, the national depression of the 1870's hampered Kellogg's initiatives.
He remained in politics, and was elected by his former Democratic enemies to the U.S. Senate. He also served in the U. S House of Representatives. Kellogg died in Washington, D. C. in 1918.